Egypt became a province of Rome, ending the rule of the Ptolemies. Cleopatra's children were taken to Rome. Caligula later executed Ptolemy Caesarion, and Cleopatra's other sons simply disappear from history and are assumed to have died. Cleopatra's daughter, Cleopatra Selene, married Juba, king of Numidia and Mauretania.
To this day, Cleopatra remains a popular figure in Western culture. Her legacy survives in numerous works of art and the many dramatizations of her story in literature and other media, including William Shakespeare's tragedy Antony and Cleopatra, Jules Massenet's opera Cléopâtre and the 1963 film Cleopatra.
5) Cleopatra VII was the last Queen and the last Pharaoh of Egypt. Following her death, Egypt became a Roman province.
13) She had a eunuch friend named Mardian whom she befriended when she was a little girl. Mardian learnt to read and write at her palace and they both remained friends for a lifetime.
17) She believed she was the daughter of Egyptian goddess Isis and the bite of an asp would take her to the gods
19) She married her 12 year old brother Ptolemy XIII, when she was 18. They ruled together for 4 years before he was drowned.
Plutarch attempted to explain why some men found her attractive: "... the attraction of her person, joining with the charm of her conversation... was something bewitching. It was a pleasure merely to hear the sound of her voice, with which, like an instrument of many strings, she could pass from one language to another, so that there were few of the nations that she needed an interpreter... "
In most depictions, Cleopatra is put forward as a great beauty, and her successive conquests of the world's most powerful men are taken as proof of her aesthetic and sexual appeal. In his Pensées, philosopher Blaise Pascal contends that Cleopatra's classically beautiful profile changed world history:
"Cleopatra's nose, had it been shorter, the whole face of the world would have been changed."